The “Quest for Truth” (Qiushi) magazine published by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CCP) in its first issue of 2020 reveals the content of the speech delivered by the CCP supreme leader at the Second Plenary Session of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, which emphasizes the firm self-confidence in the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. It is the first time for the content of the speech to be released to the public.
The CCP leader pointed out in his speech that the decision adopted by the Fourth Plenary Session comprehensively answered the major political question of what should be adhered to and consolidated, improved and developed in the Chinese national system and national governance system, “is a guiding document of Marxism as well as a Marxist political declaration. “
The content of the CCP leader’s over-7000-word speech recently released mainly covers two aspects: one is to emphasize the self-confidence of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics; the other is how to implement the spirit of the plenary. The theme of the Fourth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China—adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities, was systematically and comprehensively explained in the leader’s speech:
According to Chinese ancient saying: “System is essential to the governance of a country.” Governance advantage is the greatest advantage of a country, and governance competitiveness drives the outcome of the competitions among nations. A stable system means a stable country. In the 70 years since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the reason for China’s rapid development is because the CCP led the people to establish and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and to form and develop the party’s Leadership and economic, political, cultural, social, ecological civilization, military, foreign affairs, and other systems continue to strengthen and improve state governance.
He also said: “What national system and national governance system a country chooses is determined by the country’s history, culture, social nature, and level of economic development. The socialist system and national governance system with Chinese characteristics do not fall from the sky. It has grown up in China’s social soil, formed through long-term practice of revolution, construction, and reform. It is the product of the combination of Marxist basic principles and China’s specific reality. It is a unity of theoretical innovation, practical innovation, and institutional innovation. The results of this work condense the wisdom of the party and the people and have profound historical logic, theoretical logic, and practical logic. “
It is worth noting that the content of the speech not only referred to the speech of Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s “Reform of the Party and State Leadership System” in 1980 but also reiterated the content of his speech at the “60th Anniversary of the Founding of the National People’s Congress” in 2014.
To evaluate whether a country’s political system is democratic and effective, it mainly depends on whether the national leadership can be replaced in an orderly manner according to the law … Can the national decision-making be scientific and democratic, and whether talents from all aspects can enter State leadership and management system through fair competition, whether the ruling party can achieve leadership of state affairs and the use of power can be effectively restricted and supervised in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution and laws.
He said: “China’s national system and national governance system not only reflects the basic principles of scientific socialism, but also distinctive Chinese characteristics, national characteristics, and characteristics of the times. The socialist system can offer unparalleled advances with Chinese characteristics to effectively avoid partisan disputes, interest groups, manipulations by political elites.”
We must not lose our opinions or create internal chaos
He also said, “I have repeatedly said that only the shoe-wearers know if the shoes fit. Whether the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is good or not, only the Chinese people know best and have the final say. We must be determined and assertive on this major political issue, and we must not lose our opinions or create internal chaos. Comrades of the whole party, especially leading cadres at all levels, should be politically clear on this. It is very important to stay, at all times and under all circumstances, on the path of self-confidence in the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, self-confidence in theory, self-confidence in system, and self-confidence in culture, to truly achieve the goal of ‘strengthening through challenges’.”
The Fourth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was held in Beijing on the last four days of October-October 28-31 2019. The theme was to study how to adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, advance the national governance system and modernize governance capabilities. Some news media called it “the fifth modernization.” The “Decision on Upholding and Improving the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics, Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System and Governance Ability” was issued after the meeting. It was considered to be a guiding document on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era under the current leadership.